Patriotic activity during 1908-1910 Frasher Mithat
Mithat Frashëri, heir to one of the most important tribe of the National Renaissance, Frashëris, all his life devoted realization of national aspirations. Broken whenever he thought Albania yoke of bondage and therefore its activity is not only extended to a period but to contribute whenever I looked at stake. Constantly seeking only the good of Albania and avoid it to become victim of domestic harmful propaganda but foreign and estimated that Albanians are capable of self and the best One to Europe esteem so they should fight any kind of propaganda.
Mithat Frasheri was born in 1879 in Ioannina and died in 1949 in New York, USA. In aid of the activity he began to join at the end of the century. XIX where his beginnings he worked in the Turkish administration and later moved to Thessaloniki, in the state administration. Active life for the realization of the national question he began in the first half of the century. XX century.
His first successful realization was undoubtedly the publication of the newspaper “Freedom” in 1908, which was the official organ of Thessaloniki Albanian association that was founded on August 24, 1908. Since the publication of the newspaper patriot reveals his views to realize the ideal of an autonomous Albania which matched against foreign influences in Albania. A special role is devoted distrust Austro-Hungary of its intentions in Albanian territories and in turn protect the strong views Young Turks until 1910 when it was seen openly real Young Turks of the goal. Mithat Frashëri as a lover of the constitution introduces Dual Monarchy as a wrecker of peace Young Turks of the Ottoman state rebirth, which looks like the Albanians tutors.
Support for the new regime of the Young Turks he presented during the first meeting 400 Albanians, Gheg and Tosk in Thessaloniki where he discussed the new period that would pin the Albanian population by the constitution ad. He also invited the congregation to establish the statutes for the Albanian clubs that would arise at all major Albanian centers. These clubs would not have meant that dealt with politics but would enjoy the right of humanitarian and cultural issues.
The issue of opening the club got great momentum and Albanian patriots took over the establishment of the club “Union” in Bitola. During the formation of this club were found differences between gegs and tosks where Ghegs wanted to establish a club of their own. Disunity among gegs tosks and likely will bring failure of Congress success that was designed to be held, so beyond his local importance could have damaged the Albanian cultural movement. Dispute ironing out the club failed to make Mithat Frashëri where it was decided the merger of the clubs and the re-election of the leadership of the club “Union” .In the top club moved Rexhep Hoxha and President of Zavalani already made Fehim Bey was elected vice chairman.
Having descended from a family that the main role in deciding the Albanian script for Mithat Frashëri vital motive would be language, not in vain he would emphasize: Rrojtja language is a dead nation. The Albanian patriots objective to educate the population through education and its integration into the path of civilization, said in a call in Albanian language that was distributed in Bitola to work hard in the progress of our language. Center the realization of this objective it became established national clubs, especially the club “Union” Monastery who after realizing the great preparatory work came to realize holding Albanian national Congress. The importance of the implementation of this convention can be placed immediately after the League of Prizren, which was conducted for the unification of the alphabet from 14 to 22 November 1908. At the top of Congress moved very prominent patriot of Frashëris, Mithat Frashëri. Seeing that the discussions at this Congress were large enough to establish the use of an alphabet became expedient formation of a commission headed by George Fishta, but even here could not be left out of the great importance of Frasher Mithat who managed to elected vice president of the commission. Although the goal set by the Commission for the appointment of a script failed, use the reduction to only two alphabets it was successful on its own for the Albanian population. According to one Austro-Hungarian consul report in Ioannina, Bilinski, sent the Austro-Hungarian consul in Istanbul, Pallavaçinit, he notes that the Young Turks also used the religious aspects adding that the Koran is written in Arabic-Turkish letters, and was not chosen Latin letters since then Albanians will remain at the mercy of European peoples since they use the same characters and in particular Austria-Hungary and Italy. This was attributed to the Mithat Frashëri knowing that he was a staunch supporter of the Young Turks. Delegate Vienna also reported a fairly large propaganda by the Thessaloniki club respectively Mithat Frashëri, who was accused of Vienna that no sincere intentions towards Albania, but that Vienna wants to sow strife and intrigue against the constitution in Turkey then catch fish in muddy water. Another success was the choice of the Congress of Monastir club as a central clubhouse. Aims to choose this task Istanbul club had some prominent patriots so that the young Turks through his committee put under its control the Albanian National Movement, and definitely one of them was Mithat Frashëri. He already was known as a fighter for the exclusive right to Istanbul alphabet and this he realize as a result of its proximity to xhonturqitBesnikëria of Frasher Mithat the Young Turks program and the use of his position by the latter seen during January 1909. the accusation came from Dervish Hima, which in this period was imprisoned in Thessaloniki. Patriot concerned calculated members of the Thessaloniki club as xhemietit tool that thought for their personal benefits or to preserve official positions. Contradic- tions between the two patriots will continue later for determination of the leadership of the Thessaloniki club. Mithat Frashëri not wanting to miss running the club had offered a secondary position Dervish Hima but the latter refused to accept. Growing dissatisfaction how functioned direction of Thessaloniki club from Mithat Frashëri was now not only in Thessaloniki but she had spent in other Albanian regions while his opponent patriot Dervish Hima enjoyed an overall liking, so his placement as chairman Thessaloniki club was closer than when. Mithat Frashëri not wanting to miss running the club had offered a secondary position Dervish Hima but the latter refused to accept. Growing dissatisfaction how functioned direction of Thessaloniki club from Mithat Frashëri was now not only in Thessaloniki but she had spent in other Albanian regions while his opponent patriot Dervish Hima enjoyed an overall liking, so his placement as chairman Thessaloniki club was closer than when. Mithat Frashëri not wanting to miss running the club had offered a secondary position Dervish Hima but the latter refused to accept. Growing dissatisfaction how functioned direction of Thessaloniki club from Mithat Frashëri was now not only in Thessaloniki but she had spent in other Albanian regions while his opponent patriot Dervish Hima enjoyed an overall liking, so his placement as chairman Thessaloniki club was closer than when.
Increasing the dose of dissatisfaction of Mithat Frashëri work conducted Dibra Congress, although he himself was not present at the proceedings of the congress did not take the initiative to criticize his work and decisions. The same thing held by his newspaper “Freedom” which was not written anything about this Congress. Otherwise, he continued to hold still critical stance against foreign interference in the Albanian national issues in general and the congress to be held as foreseen in Elbasan in particular. The attitude continues with what people who openly maintain ties with foreign powers not elected committees for not having any decisive influence on the development of consultations. At this congress represented two political groups:
Even Congress of Elbasan, Mithat Frashëri was in the leading position he was elected vice president and took over the representation of Skopje delegates who had self-confident of their representation through this patriot. He was put in charge of the work in the commission of a regulation for the connection of all Albanian clubs.
Choosing the Monastery club as a central club irritated enough Mithat Frashëri who had proposed such a task Club of Thessaloniki. During the signing of this act he decided to sign where klapa stated that he did not know such a thing. In continuation of the above work, he was dismayed by using insulting phrases as “march himself in the neck our largest,” is Austria, following Austria “” Let’s kill yourself “which caused a great excitement to the delegates and only greatness of Frasher name kept out offensive attacks in congress.
Mithat Frashëri remained affected by the cold reception that was made in Elbasan Congress. The seating of delegates to this patriot came as a result after all knew about his friendly attitude with the young Turks and their monthly subsidy from the Young Turks 15 Turkish lire and for refusing to became not chosen as the central club club Thessaloniki. Despite the tough stance of Mithat Frashëri in Congress, his paper “Freedom” after completing briefed Congress working all over the vast population reaching for the opening of normal school in Elbasan, which would open the doors to all students.
Mithat Frashëri played an important role in 1910 in the Albanian national movement. Although he was not a participant in the Second Congress of his monastery attitudes are found through statements and reactions in the press through his newspaper. During this period, what more preoccupied Albanian population was the writing of the mother tongue, so its response to the letters was used. “If we return to the previous articles we will see Sami Bey Frashëri, Hoxha Tahsin Efendi, Tayyip Efendi, Vaso Pasha, Jani Vreto and others despite numerous persecutions never made their gjynjëzim under the yoke of Oriental characters” had stated inter alia Mithat Frashëri. Then he continues: These characters are alien to the Indo-German character of speech of which were rejected by the Muslim element, Albanian language has a history latine.Një attitude letters were also held for the Ottoman government stating that: The issue of the alphabet is an internal matter the Albanian people and the government should retain a neutral stance and not the question of to enlarge the font and making political and religious issues.
Contribution and patriotism of Mithat Frashëri will continue during the period of independence of Albania and beyond. A complete figure, the servant of the country, diplomat, politician, analyst, promoter of the Albanian language researcher, writer, biographer and antifascist fighter and anti-communist, democrat, founding nationalist and leader of the National Front all these sums one of the characters active and key Albanian politics first half of the century. XX century, Mithat Frashëri associates at the State University of Tetovo.