PhD Candidate of Historical Sciences Deputy Director of the National History Museum of Immigration of politikiviteve 1944-1949 and Mid’hatFrashëri Albanian nationalism During World War II Was faced with two conflicting Challenges with the each other. On the one hand, the aggression 7 April, When It crashed independence of Albania, ideal an and reality That Albanian nationalists have Contributed, Creating Albanian state on 28 November 1912, soft at the time Same Encouraging the creation of a country That Included Some territories Was inhabited by Albanians as the case of Kosovo, the western part of Macedonia, warmed Hopes for a rikorrektim borders and correction of history.
These Were The Reasons That resisted a part Quietly and Began to undertak Plans to Organize a general uprising Similar to the Vlora War Nearly 20 years ago, the while another part of the lure of “Greater Albania” Was lined in the administration of the invaders, thinking That Albania hadd already found themselves in the new order fashist.Dorëzimi of Skanderbeg crown king of Italy Victor Emmanuel III, is the Most shameful act of Albanian collaborators and I believe does anyone proud While a part of the nationalists Were Held in the organization of the “National” Front led by Mithat Frashëri. This grouping Political wasn’t only anti-Italian after the aggression of April 7 saw the collapse of national independence, neither Republican nor required to undertak deep Reforms, Including the Agrarian after the war.Somewhere in the background, Before the invasion Were Also communists, distributed without a party, Idealistic soft Also desired to carry Reforms social out as soon as Possible in Albania Was left as an archaic museum of late Feudalism, Where SINCE the departure of the Ottoman Empire wasn’t undertak any reform to mitigate the terrible social inequality. The attack of Nazi Germany on the Soviet Union, Their Homeland freed from any ideological passivity and complex directives under direct Komiternit Were Organized Into a Political Party, Which soon provede to swear very efficient, Organized and clandestine movement.Idealistic soft Also desired to carry out social Reforms as soon as Possible in Albania Was left as an archaic museum of late Feudalism, SINCE Where the Ottoman Empire flight wasnt undertak any reform to mitigate the terrible social inequality. The attack of Nazi Germany on the Soviet Union, Their Homeland freed from any ideological passivity and complex directives under direct Komiternit Were Organized Into a Political Party, Which soon provede to swear very efficient, Organized and clandestine movement. Idealistic soft Also desired to carry out social Reforms as soon as Possible in Albania Was left as an archaic museum of late Feudalism, SINCE Where the Ottoman Empire flight wasnt undertak any reform to mitigate the terrible social inequality.The attack of Nazi Germany on the Soviet Union, Their Homeland freed from any ideological passivity and complex directives under direct Komiternit Were Organized Into a Political Party, Which soon provede to swear very efficient, Organized and clandestine movement.
The invasion of the country toppled Many myths on Which the 30s Albanians HAD embodied Their identity, to the Efforts to resume a war of liberation Certainly won’t pass through the Same school of thought and action. The Atlantic Charter in August 1941 Signed between England and SH.BA Includes two active Possible options tërezistencës Today, the Principle That It Will not Be recognized any change of borders Established During the war, soft at the Same kohënjihte and the right to self-determination the peoples.Indian nationalists led by Mithat Frashëri believed in Their Efforts to this Principle and couldn’t go in the direction of the Possibility of keeping Kosovo and other Albanian territories in postwar Albania. Political Developments of World War II Brought the Communists to power and the establishment of a totalitarian regime. Together with the introduction of the Communist government in Tirana Was installed and apparatus of violence Which led many to migrant Political figures in Italy and other countries as Political immigrants. I Was Among Mithat Frashëri WHO left Albania on November 22 to Reach the next bar.
Indian Political exiles living in Italy Was Very Difficult not only by the Economic Situation But Also Because Great Britain and SH.BA hadn’t yet clear how Will They behave with the new regime of Tirana and They still continued to swear in alliance with Soviet Union. During the 1945 Political emigration continued the process Reorganization of the old anti-Communist Parties, “National Front” and “legality” and tell Along with new and Organizing groups. On December 31, 1945 Was Held the Second Congress of the National Front, in Reggio Emilia, Italy. In the middle of the Approved program Fight Against Cham communism. In this Congress statutes Was Passed, the Decalogue, a document entitled “Eight Points of Albanian nationalism” and “Political Principles”.In 1946 Italy Was Created and Organizations Independent National Bloc, Among Whose adhered quite proitalianë the pro-Fascist immigrants, Where neither Helmsman and mastermind of this organization considered Ernest Kolic. After His group Was Also Created Demi-Labor, qual kryhesohej Ibrahim Farka, Seit Kryeziu and Ihsan Toptani. At this time existed the group of Kosovars driven by Jafer Deva. In 1948 he Raised the issue of Joining the Groups That Were created in exile, Which Was That driven by the conflict broke out between Communist Party of Albania Communist Party of Yugoslavia.Substantial Efforts for Unity Problems encountered Even Within the groups themselves, WHO Have Their divergences between the different Opinions on the organization of the Struggle Against The Communist regime in Albania and the form That Should Be Established regime after His ouster. National Front in Principle accept the merger,
The new element of the Front Was Against Joining the Independent National Bloc, as he hadd collaborated with the Italians During the occupation, and the group of Mithat Frashëri HAD poor Relations with monarchists, Because he and followers Were Republicans. The position of “National Front” and Its role in uniting the groups Significant Was Because It Was The Most Influential greatest strength and Albanian emigration. “National Front” hadd Most of the Political exile in Italy, in England, in Australia, the US and Canada. While Legaliteti hadd more influence on immigration policy in Greece, Turkey, Egypt etc. In exile Midhat Frasheri gjalloi in Refugee Camps, Along With His Comrades,without being separated from friends at any moment all the years of exile and without accepting Numerous invitations to friends and different personalities Europe to settle in Rome, Paris, Istanbul etc. He shared the pain and suffering compatriots, have two years Were authentication to leave Albania and Become refugees. Today the land of the western side of the Adriatic exile, are close to 750 Albanians, Among Whom Were women and children in Elderly people. In Greece there are 800 refugees to leave the country and barely escaped the Massacres, despotizma and horror has covered Albania. These 1500 are from all over Albania, from Konispol, Middle and North Albania and a large number of Kosovo. We have two years Were authentication to leave Albania and Become refugees.Today the land of the western side of the Adriatic exile, are close to 750 Albanians, Among Whom Were women and children in Elderly people. In Greece there are 800 refugees to leave the country and barely escaped the Massacres, despotizma and horror has covered Albania. These 1500 are from all over Albania, from Konispol, Middle and North Albania and a large number of Kosovo. We have two years Were authentication to leave Albania and Become refugees. Today the land of the western side of the Adriatic exile, are close to 750 Albanians, Among Whom Were women and children in Elderly people. In Greece there are 800 refugees to leave the country and barely escaped the Massacres, despotizma and horror has covered Albania.These 1500 are from all over Albania, from Konispol, Middle and North Albania and a large number of Kosovo.
In May 1948 Mithat Frashëri laid the platform for the Unification of immigration, soft serious Efforts to Began talks During April-August months in April 1949, Which Was Developed with the main Leaders of the two groups that rate the National Front and Legality Him, They hadd to deal reached agreement with the each other, leaving aside the controversies about the form of the regime, WHO Will Be appointed by the Albanian people in a free vote.
While the Communist government Thate still not recognized by the Anglo-American allies, using global context civil Against Victims of Fascism, Was called the Anglo-American Authorities in Italy, the surrender of ashtëquajturve “War Criminals”. The names of a long list of prints the name of Mithat Frashëri qual to the Chairman of the central committee for the detection of War Crimes, Manol Konomi wrote: Inspiratory and main organizer, Chairman of the National Front orgamnizatës traitor. Responsible for the collaborationist policy of this organization with Fascist Italian and German okuptatorët. It has delegated three exponents of this organization to participate in the Quisling government During the German occupation.It Gave the Germans cooperated with any ndihmëdhe say By Any Means for printing NCL War and the Allies. Responsible for all the Massacres, torture, atrocities and burns Committed by this organization in collaboration with Quisling governments and people Against the occupiers.
As Can Be Easily understood from the text and the language used in the Communist government’s request Was eksagjerime and uncertainties to denigrate the Political opponent to the allies Anglo-Americans did not Consider this request, on Despite the fact that rate the Tirana government put pressure on the Italian Through government charge d’affaires in Italy, Llambi Dishnica, WHO having Discussed this issue with Senator Eugene communism Reale (June 18, 1948), Reported That: I Gave Him the names of a quantity of Criminals, as Midhat Frasheri.
Within Indian migration and east-west severity and the Beginnings of the Cold War Would Gain the Attention of soft allies Would try to Organize Itself in a coupling gupim to the EU more efficient in Its Activities to overthrow the Communist government Tirana. The creation of the National Committee “Free Albania” Was proclaimed on August 26, 1949. The Committee Was headed by the Executive Committee, under the chairmanship of M. Frasher. In the Committee’s statement “Free Albania” Adopted in September 1949, in London, it Reported: That the purpose of KKSHL Was fighting for independence of Albania and to Ensure Its Sovereignty and Integrity. After the fall of the Communist regime Would the EU Determined by the Albanian people in a free vote forms of regime.The creation of this committee increased anti-immigration activity. Unlikely Some extremists es hikonin overthrow the Communist regime Through a military intervention by the West (especially Greece), Midhat Frashëri Was Against any interference and overthrow by force, Which Would Bring the country in addition to other Victims unnecessary, and Could Cause another war. Mid’hati Trying to do his duty as Albanian and respect the impartiality and Integrity of Albania. Changes in Albania tëvinin from within, with all Albanians effort basis and with the help of Democratic Countries being faced not with guns, with the soft Confrontation of ideas, values and Political, Economic and Social. Likewise a strong moral stance Midhat Frasheri Held and Political Figure Who will swear participating in “Free Albania” committee. Since WE CAN stand Before the public ot outlook wings wings as collaborators with the people on the shoulders of cilëverëndojnë ugly events That made Albania a Waste ending up in this Situation> When asked Midhat Frasheri Requires not cooperate with Political figures They Were tainted by collaborating with Fascism During the Second World War Developments in Albania. Standing telescopic and his konsukuent to this issue Continues To Be active When Even today occasionally required to revizonohet Attitude Towards Political history and historical figures WHO HAD positions in the Fascist regime 1939-1943 and later During the German occupation.The first and main Conditions imposed by the National Front to join a committee is Block Block Indipedent Indipedent make review of Its ranks excluding dishonor elements as collaborators with Fascist Italy … For more E.Koliqit These referee, Libohovë, Dinos, Col. Duckling Mirakaj, Mustafa Kruja, John Markagjoni etc. This Political Maturity and the position of the cut Against collaborators alarmed the government of Tirana in Albania without the Popular Committee is a governing body That simaptinë win the West, But That Could Have an effect in Albania. Speech by Midhat Frasheri in London by the BBC airwaves, Where he read the statement of the Committee “Free Albania” left much impression on soft Also on migration Those few people WHO Heard in Albania.
The purpose of the Committee to accord bone bajmë the world about the cruel suffering of the Albanian people and Provide assistance in His Efforts for Freedom and Democracy. The Committee Will concentrate all Efforts to Ensure the Independence and Territorial Integrity of Albania. After His release from Communist dictatorship, the people Will Be Given rasa designate the form of free Elections and the regime wants to establishe That a Democratic government to guarantee Political freedoms and human rights and access to family Provide Free Democratic Nations.